Have you ever wondered you read the article on a website and after few days you find changes in it?
This is possible because of the software tool that is Version Control System which keeps track of changes to software code over a particular period of time. In this post of Terminal Stack, we will look at version control systems and their uses.
Types of Version Control System are:
- Local version control system:
It is a local database located on your local computer, in which every file change is stored as a patch. Every patch set contains only the changes made to the file since its last version.
This type is also error-prone which means the chances of accidentally writing to the wrong file is higher.
2. Centralized Version Control Systems:
In it, changes are tracked under a centralized server system. This server includes all the information of versioned files and a list of clients that check out files from that central place.
3. Distributed Version Control Systems:
It helps to overcome the drawback of centralized control systems. If any server dies, any of the client repositories can be copied onto the server which helps restore the server.
Benefits of Version Control System:
- It keeps all the history of all the files which gives you full traceability and audibility of the change on what changes were made to which file, when, why, and by whom.
2. Helps you to identify the difference in any set of files, and merge the changes as per requirement.
3. It prevents the risk of losing functioning code or breaking test scripts by overwriting files as you can always take out the last working code at any point in time.
4. It provides you the facility to have entirely independent code versions if you prefer to keep different development code, once you are ready, you can merge the files to create a final working version.
Best Version control systems are:
Github is a platform to upload code, but it’s simply much more than that. It can easily be used as a collaboration platform among coders and can be used to build complex system.
2. Git lab:
Git Lab is a web-based Git repository that provides free open and private repositories, issue-following capabilities, and wikis. It is a complete Dev Ops platform that enables professionals to perform all the tasks in a project—from project planning and source code management to monitoring and security.
Beanstalk is a simple version control software designed to remove the hassle of managing deployments and hosting codes, ultimately allowing development teams to concentrate on creating smart software. It is a comprehensive workflow platform that permits developers to keep codes in subversion (SVN) or Git repository.