Understanding Camera lenses in 2022

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Camera without a lens is useless for a Photographer. The lens is what focuses light from what you see through the viewfinder into a tiny, (typically) 35mm spot on the back of your film, DSLR or mirrorless camera. If you remove the lens from your camera, the only kind of image you can produce is white light. So terminal stack is here to help you with different kinds and types of lenses.

Basic types of Camera lenses

Camera Lenses comes in two basic Categories 

  • Prime lenses : Prime lenses have fixed focal length, light in weight , these lenses are fast and lightweight due to fixed focal-length and at the same time they are less flexible.
  • Zoom lenses : zoom lenses use a string of lenses which allows them to be flexible and surely it makes them heavy in comparison to prime lenses.

Here are some types of lenses which lie in the category of prime or zoom lenses.

Standard lenses

These lenses are used in various kinds of photography. Their focal length generally lies between 35mm-85mm.

Macro Lenses

These lenses have a very unique design which allows them to capture sharp images at extremely close range. These lenses are great for nature photography.

Telephoto lenses

Telephoto lenses are types of zoom lenses with multiple focal points. These lenses are good for isolating a subject that is far away but such great magnification comes with a price of a narrower field of view. There are different types of telephoto lenses, some of them are quite large, heavy and expensive so one should think over before buying such a lens.

Wide-angle lenses

These kinds of lenses are ideal for fitting large areas into your frame.wide-angle lenses are very useful in landscape and street photography.

Speciality Lenses

There are some lenses specialized to impart a unique look to your photos. Here we are going to discuss about 3 of them.

  • Fisheye lens : This is an ultra wide-angle lens which can take in a full 180 degree radius around it.
  • Tilt-shift lens : This lens distorts perspective and makes subjects look smaller than their actual size- almost if they are toys.
  • Infrared lens : This lens actually plays with light rather than perspective, it filters out all light waves except infrared waves to create an unique visual effect.        

Some Common Lens Sizes and their Specs 

16 mm lens 

  • Angle of View : Very wide 
  • Description : Good for landscape photography
  • Depth of field : Everything is in focus impossible to have shallow depth of field    

35 mm Lens 

  • Angle of View : Wide 
  • Description : Good for Street photography 
  • Depth of field : Everything is in focus until subject is very close to the camera           

50 mm Lens

  • Angle of View : Normal
  • Description : Good for just about any type of photography
  • Depth of field : Easy to have shallow depth of field depending on aperture range.

85 mm Lens       

  • Angle of View :Medium Telephoto
  • Description : Good for portraits 
  • Depth of field : Easy to get shallow depth of field 

200 mm Lens

  • Angle of View : Telephoto
  • Description : Ideal for picking up a distant subject.

300 mm Lens

  • Angle of View : Super telephoto 
  • Description : Ideal for Astronomy

4 mm -14 mm Lens(fish eye lenses)

  • Angle of View : Ultra wide angle lenses 
  • Description : Good for Abstract, Creative photos              

We’ve just scratched the surface on the types of camera lenses out there. There is a lot more to learn about how camera lenses actually work. There are different types of camera lens for almost any situation you could find yourself in as a photographer. Knowing which lens is best for what scenario, will set you on your way to becoming a much-improved photographer. 

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